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Sandeep (Sandi) Vaid
Muscle Rehab Therapy is a home based Therapy company becoming well known to the communities, founder best Therapist Mr. Sandeep (Sandi) Vaid is dedicated to becoming best service provider in health.
Arthritis (Rheumatoid / Osteoarthritis)

                      What is Arthritis

Arthritis affects the lives of over 40 million Americans and over 350 million people world-wide. Many treatments and therapies exist and have varied rates of success. More recently, doctors have begun researching how lifestyle choices can help reduce the risk and impact of arthritis on current and future generations.

Types of arthritis: basic descriptions


This is the most common form of arthritis and it affects 40 million Americans. Osteoarthritis is the gradual degeneration of joints over time. As people age, the thick, protective coating at the ends of the bones wears thin and the body can’t repair it as well as it could during youth. As the joint linins become thin, the joints swell, lose mobility and pain in the joints can be constant.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

This is the other major form of arthritis, which affects about 1.3 million Americans. Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune disorder. The patient’s immune system attacks the joint linings at the ends of the bones and gradually destroys it. This form of arthritis can occur in younger patients as well as older ones.

What Are the Symptoms of Arthritis?

Arthritis is characterized by prolonged joint pain and stiffness which is typically worst in the morning. Joints become swollen and there will be redness in the surrounding skin. A loss of the range of movement in the affected joints will also accompany the other symptoms.

What are the common arthritis treatments?

The most-widely used medicines include the following:

  • Analgesic medicines treat the symptoms but won’t reduce the swelling in the joints. They largely exist to give short-term comfort. They include drugs like Tylenol and others with the active ingredient acetaminophen, Ultram and others medicines that contain tramadol, and for very severe pain cases, narcotics that contain oxycodone or hydrocodone may be used.
  • NSAIDs are Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs that target inflammation and reduce pain. They can be taken internally or as an ointment rubbed directly onto the skin by the affected area. Mild NSAIDs include ibuprofen and naproxen (the active ingredient in Aleve). Stronger versions are only available by prescription due to potential side effects such as stomach irritation. More-severe side effects include heart attacks and strokes.
  • Counterirritants are more-common forms of ointments and creams used to treat arthritis. They typically contain menthol or capsaicin. These creams may relieve symptoms of pain but can hinder the patient’s ability to known when joint abrasion is becoming more severe.
  • DMARDs, or Disease-Modifying Anti-rheumatic Drugs are typically used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, as they stop or reduce the immune system’s attacks on the joints. Side effects may include reduced immunity to invasive illnesses. DMARDs may be used in conjunction with Biologic drugs.
  • Biologics are medicines which are genetically engineered specifically to reduce the activity of proteins that power the immune system’s attacks on the joints in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Common Biologic drugs used in the US usually contain the active ingredient etanercept or inflixmab.
  • Corticosteroids reduce inflammation in the joints and suppress the immune system from attacking them. Common corticosteroids include prednisone and cortisone. They can be taken internally or by way of needle injection into the affected joints. Corticosteroids can have a number of side effects including reduced immunity to invasive illnesses.

Does diet affect one’s risk of arthritis?

More and more doctors are saying yes. Processed foods that lack fiber back up the whole digestive system and cause toxins to stay in the cells because they can’t be expelled in a timely manner. Because cells retain toxins, they can’t repair themselves and degenerate. Artificial flavors, preservatives and other chemicals in foods can also contribute to degeneration of joints.

Low-fat diets shown to help

Low fat diets have been shown to help reduce arthritis and other inflammatory diseases. Part of the reason is the digestion of low-fat foods is easier and faster, and part of it relates to the fact that fats, especially animal fats can contribute to inflammation in joints

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